Enterprise Architecture for Health Insurance Exchange

The portal design shall take the following interface
Website Company Name (AGRI- POWER PORTAL)

Links navigation Link
Home

Services
Commercial
Accounts
About us
Login
Logout
Farm Chemicals
Farm tools
Farm projects
Horticulture
Livestock
Livestock Faming

Bee keeping
Seeds
Transport
Comments
Agricultural Dash Board Portal Major Display Area
Figure1 : The portal Design for Agricultural Based Enterprise
The agriculture based portal shall provide web-based services to the esteemed customers and the potential customer. The agribusiness portal shall contain three structural designs to incorporate the services to the clients. The portal is a dynamic website that provides all agricultural services across the world. The portal provides services on farm-based services like purchasing chemicals, use of chemicals and consultation services. The portal has horticulture farming, livestock farming, and beekeeping services. The display area provides streaming advertisements on projects and the news about agriculture.

Simple Information Exchanges
The secure health information exchange supports the following services to the clients

Document querying and retrieving
Direct messaging via PUSH technology
The system composes discrete data and information from multiple CCDs that contain detailed data from multiple sources. The system provides data sharing techniques to subscribers through the data mining and data warehousing approach (Bocciarelli, & D’Ambrogio, 2014).

Part B: Integrated Architectures
Enterprise integration for Business Services module supports enterprise process and goals through providing multiplatform programming support platform. The system integrates the business functions using VMware technology that acts as the middleware to support different platforms in other programming languages like XML, COBOL, Java, Microsoft Dot Net and others (Juric, et al…, 2010).

Legacy applications include the business application service and infrastructure services. The modules provide the integration of the database services through the modification of data and information. The sessions support data and information conversion to different formats. The strategies get applied during database development process, data mining activities and during data migration from one database design infrastructure to another.

B2B Integration and management services provide secure transfer and sharing of information between the public and private business enterprises across the world (Dorn, et al…, 2009). The system allows collaboration of business enterprises through subscribing to the Intranet cloud services. The platform supports the integration and interagency communications across the globe. The system supports the G2G systems that allow effective government interventions (Dorn, et al…, 2009). The system facilitates communication between the government agencies. The Interaction services systems support the intra-agency relations through the elimination of barriers for infrastructure principles and standard specified by the EAI policies. Through the interaction services module, inter-agency communications get approved enabling collaboration between people processes and information. The NIEM (National Information Exchange), development services platform, integrates the communication development environments through equalizing sanctions and standards from different agencies.

The system allows designing and creation of solutions depicted within different business entities. The collaboration allows acceptability of the various development standards for business entities to enter into the global market. The NIEM platform links the B2B systems to facilitate mutual interrelationships between different business operations (Dorn, et al…, 2009).

ESB Exploration: The enterprise service bus allows effective communication link between different enterprise activities and function to facilitate effective data and information transfer. All network and communication protocols get implemented through accommodating all sources of networks topologies and standards within the bus (Chandrasekaran, 2010). The bus offer powerful encapsulation, encryption and information hiding techniques to facilitate secure source to destination delivery of data and information (Chandrasekaran, 2010). The Mule architecture serves more effectively and efficiently compared to email based protocols. The message is secure via mule architecture and supports UDDI messaging protocols. The ESB architecture supports the orchestration, transformation, transportation mediation and non-functional consistency that form the core integration principles (Chandrasekaran, 2010).

Smart enterprises the smart enterprise capability is maintained via the incorporation of the extranet and intranet services that facilitate the extraction of data and information from different databases. The system allows digging of data from various databases through data mining techniques. The system supports the smart enterprise feature like intelligent decision support system. The enterprise business system implements the intelligence support capabilities through the use of access service model and the service registry database. The data and the information are supplied through cloud computing services that link the enterprise system to the World Wide Web interfaces. The Virtual technology that implements the industrial formats like the X12, the EDIFACTS, the SWIFT, the ACORD, the HIPAA and the HLA have been applied to support IBM web sphere transformation extension (Chandrasekaran, 2010). The platforms act as the universal transformation engine.

Bottle Water vs.Tap Water

Introduction
The fact that it is critical to keep the body extremely hydrated at all times goes without any debate. However, which is the best water to consume? Traditionally, tap water had been the norm in many offices, homes, and schools. However, bottled water has become popular with the increased notion that the water is purer and cleaner than tap water. On the other hand, bottle water can be contaminated thus leaving tap water as the best alternative. The decision to consume tap or bottled water is a personal choice that is supported by numerous factors. Tap water is, however, a better alternative than bottled water as even most of the bottled water are collected from taps and not springs or glaciers.

Body

People with a preference for bottled water believe that the water is purer than tap water. Water manufacturing companies have been able to convince their consumers that their water is collected from pure an unpolluted areas such as spring water and glaciers. Therefore, water from the glaciers and springs is purer than tap water since tap water has to pass through underground pipes and systems thus increasing the risk of contamination (Brebbia, 2015). For instance, the risk of having traces of lead in tap water increases if the water system has aging pipes. Unfortunately, the perception of pure and unpolluted water cannot be validated as unscrupulous water manufacturers can also label and packaged tap water and deceive consumers that the water is pure.

The preference for bottled water over tap water also arises due to the taste. A majority of people who consume bottled water argue that the water tastes better than tap water. Bottled water passes through a series of purification processes thus the minimal risk of experiencing tastes and odors. In contrast, tap water is in an almost natural form thus the risk of experiencing an “earthy” taste. Moreover, there is a risk of rusting of the water pipes thus increasing the occurrence of a “taste” in the water. Bottled water is processed and tested before it is released to the consumers. A guarantee of quality is therefore assured.

The preference for bottled over tap water has also been due to concerns over the safety of the tapped water. A majority of community water systems fail to meet the standards of the safe drinking water Act thus increased the risk of exposure to unsafe water. Moreover, there are concerns that tap water may be more at risk of exposure to germs than bottled water. Water running from taps comes through an underground water system thus the risk of contamination especially in the case of breakages (Gleick, 2010).

On the other hand, proponents of tap water argue that bottled water is an unnecessary expense. Water is a basic necessity for survival thus there is no need for the commodity to be expensive and unaffordable to many consumers. The cost of bottled water is high as the manufacturers have to factor in production and transportation costs. Some manufacturers also strive to make quick profits thus over price their bottled water. In contrast, the cost of tap water is quite low thus making the crucial commodity affordable and accessible to everyone.

Tap water is also a better alternative to bottled water because it has the least negative impact. For bottled water, the manufacturers have to mass produce bottles. Therefore, millions of plastic bottles are then released to the consumers. Without a proper recycling system, the millions of plastic bottles end up as non-biodegradable waste which subsequently increases pollution. Moreover, the production of the plastic bottled also involves the burning of oil which results in the emission of carbon dioxide that in turn affects the ecological system. Water bottles are made from polyethylene terephthalate (PET) that releases toxic chemicals including ethylene oxide and benzene (Vesilind, & DiStefano, 2006). In contrast, tap water does not pollute the environment since the water is available directly from the taps and faucets.

Personally, I know tap water is a better option that bottled water. The fact that water is from a bottle does not make it safer. The bottled water could have fetched at a tap and sealed as bottled water thus exposing the drinker to a higher risk of contamination than tap water. Tap water is monitored and regulated for contamination thus ensuring minimal risk to drinkers. The water is also readily available to all and thus can be provided in schools in limitless and affordable supplies. In contrast, bottled water is unnecessarily expensive, yet tap water is just a fraction of that cost (Mackey, & Boulos, 2004). It is true that there are concerns over the quality of tap water and the risk of contamination. However, tap water can be monitored and tested regularly to ensure they are up to the expected standards.

Conclusion

Water is an essential health commodity that is critical for survival. The question of whether to consume bottled or tap water lies on factors related to the risk of contamination, the cost of the water and the sustainability of the water. Bottled water manufacturers promise their consumers that their bottled water is from springs and or glaciers thus it is bottled at its purest form. The reality, however, is that most bottled water comes from tap water; thus manufacturers dupe consumers with false advertisements. Bottled water is also unnecessarily expensive, yet tap water is affordable and accessible to many. Tap water also guarantees the sustainability of the environment as the production of the water does not undergo numerous process. In contrast, bottled water results to millions of plastic bottles that are non-degradable and choke the environment.

Nebosh Training for Risk Assessment and Management: Risk Mitigation Strategies in Nigeria

In Nigeria, as in many other countries, effective risk assessment and management are critical for ensuring the safety and well-being of individuals, communities, and businesses. The National Examination Board in Occupational Safety and Health (NEBOSH) offers comprehensive training programs designed to equip professionals with the knowledge and skills necessary to identify, assess, and mitigate risks effectively. In this article, we will explore the importance of Nebosh training in lagos for risk assessment and management in Nigeria, along with strategies for mitigating risks in various sectors.

Understanding Nebosh Training
NEBOSH is a globally recognized organisation that provides training, qualifications, and certifications in occupational health, safety, and environmental management. Nebosh training programs cover a wide range of topics, including risk assessment, hazard identification, safety management systems, and emergency preparedness. These programs are designed to enhance the competency and proficiency of professionals working in diverse industries and sectors.

Nebosh Training in Nigeria: Enhancing Safety Standards
In Nigeria, Nebosh training plays a crucial role in enhancing safety standards and promoting a culture of risk awareness and mitigation. Professionals from various fields, including construction, oil and gas, manufacturing, healthcare, and hospitality, undergo Nebosh training to acquire the necessary skills to identify potential hazards, assess risks, and implement effective control measures. By investing in Nebosh training in nigeria, organisations demonstrate their commitment to prioritising safety and protecting their employees and assets.

Nebosh Training in Lagos, Abuja, and Across Nigeria
Nebosh training programs are available in major cities across Nigeria, including Lagos, Abuja, and other metropolitan areas. These training sessions are conducted by accredited Nebosh training providers who adhere to strict standards set by Nebosh. Participants have the opportunity to learn from experienced instructors, engage in practical exercises and case studies, and gain valuable insights into best practices for risk assessment and management.

Risk Mitigation Strategies in Nigeria
Effective risk mitigation is essential for minimising the likelihood and severity of accidents, injuries, and incidents in various sectors. In Nigeria, where factors such as infrastructure challenges, environmental risks, and regulatory complexities pose unique challenges, implementing robust risk mitigation strategies is paramount. Some key risk mitigation strategies applicable to different sectors include:

Construction Industry: In the construction industry, where workers are exposed to various hazards such as falls, electrocution, and falling objects, implementing safety protocols and providing adequate training and personal protective equipment (PPE) are critical. Nebosh-trained professionals can conduct thorough risk assessments, implement control measures, and monitor compliance to ensure a safe working environment.
Oil and Gas Sector: The oil and gas sector in Nigeria is inherently high-risk due to the nature of operations and the presence of flammable substances. Nebosh training equips professionals with the skills to identify potential hazards such as fire, explosions, and toxic gas exposure, and implement preventive measures such as regular equipment inspections, safety drills, and emergency response plans.
Manufacturing Industry: In the manufacturing industry, where machinery, chemicals, and heavy equipment are prevalent, the risk of accidents and occupational illnesses is significant. Nebosh-trained professionals can conduct risk assessments to identify hazards associated with machinery operation, chemical handling, and ergonomic factors, and implement control measures such as machine guarding, proper ventilation, and ergonomic workstation design.
Conclusion
Nebosh training plays a crucial role in enhancing risk assessment and management practices in Nigeria across various industries. By investing in Nebosh training, organizations can empower their workforce with the knowledge and skills necessary to identify, assess, and mitigate risks effectively. From construction sites to oil rigs to manufacturing facilities, Nebosh-trained professionals are instrumental in promoting safety, preventing accidents, and protecting lives and livelihoods. In a rapidly evolving and challenging environment like Nigeria, Nebosh training in abuja serves as a cornerstone for building safer, healthier, and more resilient workplaces and communities.